DENTURES & OTHER RESTORATIVE OPTIONS
This involves the management of oral problems, their treatment and restoration of oral organs to their normal functions. Medical experts in this profession include;
- Endodontists – these are practitioners that carry out activities such as root canal therapy, treatment of dental trauma, surgery and any other related endodontic treatment.
- Periodontists – these types of dentists deal with diagnosing and treatment of structures supporting teeth such as gums, ligaments and cementum.
- Prosthodontists also offer such services since they deal with general oral health problems such as problems related to missing teeth and tissues.
Treatments offered by restorative dentists in CO
- Root canal therapy – this involves removal of blood vessels and nerves in a tooth. Usually done when the patient’s nerves or blood vessels are exposed.
- Bridgework and porcelain – this is the use of fillings or fake teeth that are meant to act as a ‘bridge’ between gaps caused by missing teeth.
- Dental fillings – these are the most widely used form off dental restoration and can be done using metals such as gold, silver or metal free material such as resin.
- Inlays and onlays – these are basically types of indirect fillings that are done by fitting filling materials to cavities and then putting them into place by cementing them.
- Dental implants – this is providing replacements of roots by placing metal in bone sockets then placing a crown (fake tooth) above it.
Procedures for dental restoration
There are two types of procedures in dental restoration. There is Indirect and direct restorations.
Direct restoration involves use of fillings that are not hard. This procedure can be done at once.
Indirect restoration on the other hand involves creating a dental impression outside the mouth then using various fillings, the impression is placed in the mouth. This type of restoration may involve veneers, inlays and onlays. This procedure however cannot be done at once hence may require the patient to frequently visit the dentist. The patient can be provided with provisory restorations which are for temporary use.
Impressions of the teeth can be provided through various ways such as former samples documented by the dentists, use of computer technology such as the use of 3D printers to create an image which is then placed in machine that creates out the ceramic restoration to be used
Materials used in restoration
Metals and metal alloys; gold (pure gold or gold-platina), silver (silver-palladium or silver amalgam), titanium, cobalt chrome and nickel chrome.
Non – metal material; resin, glass ionomer cement (glass material reacted with polyalkenoic acid), ceramics/porcelain which may include veneers, glass ceramics and sintered glass material.
Patients with dental restoration are advised to take care of them through various ways such as regular cleaning of the mouth e.g. brushing and regular visits to the dentists.